A wisdom tooth usually does not grow in properly, resulting in impacted teeth. These can lead to several problems like chewing and damage to adjacent teeth. There are times when a tooth is only partially impacted, merely breaking into the gum surface but not growing into a proper position. Dentists are able to determine teeth that will not properly grow in.
An impacted wisdom tooth can hurt, and lead to infections, cavities, and periodontal disease. Some people do not really need surgery as their wisdom teeth can grow into the proper position, or stay in the jawbone and not cause any problems. Others do not need surgery while they are younger but might require one once the teeth cause problems later in their life.
When Should I Remove Wisdom Teeth?
Generally, it is best to remove wisdom tooth between ages 16 and 22. Just like other teeth, wisdom teeth develop into the jawbone. The tooth’s crown is first formed before it is pushed up once the tooth root is developed. Among young adults, root formation is not yet complete, so there are fewer risks and complications.
How is Wisdom Tooth Removal Done?
After sedation, the dentist will administer a local anesthetic. The procedure takes about 30 minutes before you are sent to the recovery room. Recovery time will greatly vary depending on your age and degree of tooth impaction. Among younger patients, any discomforts like swelling can last for up to 5 days. The dentist can prescribe you some pain medication.
What are the Risks of Wisdom Teeth Removal?
There are some risks for wisdom tooth extraction. There is a possibility that you will feel added discomfort when the blood clot that forms in your tooth pockets after surgery is dislodged. This is called dry socket and is a very common complication, particularly among smokers. Also, just like any kind of surgery, there is also a risk for infection.
A big potential problem with wisdom teeth removal is nerve injury. As time passes, the root of your wisdom teeth develops and your jawbone becomes denser. This is why the older that you get, the more difficult the surgery becomes. There is a nerve in the jawbone under the root of the tooth and injury to this nerve can lead to numbness in the lower lip.
Although wisdom teeth extraction has its benefits, it is important that we also look into its potential risks and problems. This is why it is important to get the procedure done by an experienced dentist to lessen the risk of any problems from developing. Schedule a consultation with a dental professional in your area now to learn more.
Source by James Franklin