Many women choose to undergo a permanent birth control procedure while this procedure has become a medical necessity for many others. Permanent birth control can be achieved through several effective methods these days. One such popular method is the tubal ligation by which a woman can be sterilized by tying, clipping or having the ends of the fallopian tubes burnt.
Any of the above mentioned methods will help prevent the egg from entering the uterus, where the fertilization takes place. Sterilization through this method is referred to as electro-cauterization. In earlier days, this procedure was performed through the vagina of a woman and at times, it took months to completely recover from the procedure.
Currently there are several alternative procedures to tubal ligation. Tubal ligation itself is performed by three different methods. Within 2 days of a woman delivering a baby, a procedure called minilaparotomy which lasts 20 minutes, is performed. This is not considered to be a major surgery and is usually performed with the patient under local anesthesia. This procedure of sterilization has been preferred by many women over oral contraceptives.
Laparoscopic treatment is the second type of tubal ligation. A small incision is made in the abdomen area and a small quantity of carbon dioxide is placed inside. This procedure is done by experienced surgeons only as it requires the usage of certain special surgical instruments. The entire procedure lasts only ten minutes and the patient can recover very quickly without any complications.
Using a laser or some other electro device, the fallopian tubes are fused together and clipped by bands. Laparoscopy is the third type of tubal sterilization that is often performed soon after a cesarean delivery. Since the fallopian tubes are visible immediately after the delivery, the surgeon can perform the procedure freely with more room and freedom.
There are other procedures of permanent birth control that are practiced and hysteroscopic sterilization is one such method that is mostly performed on outpatients. Through the vagina of the woman, a small tube is inserted into the opening of the fallopian tubes, thereby blocking the tube and preventing any possibility of pregnancy. Recovery time after this procedure is about 24 hours and there are no risks of any side effects. The position of the inserted tube can be verified through an imaging x-ray several months after the procedure. Another popular sterilization procedure is ‘Essure’ which involves no surgery, laser treatments or altering the fallopian tubes.
Also, this procedure needs no anesthesia or hormonal shots and has proved to be almost cent percent successful. Silicon free inserts are placed inside the fallopian tubes to block the path of the egg into the uterus. The procedure lasts only ten minutes and can be easily performed by a doctor in his clinic. Experienced and trained doctors should be consulted before undergoing this procedure. In ancient times, there were seldom any woman who wanted to be sterilized.
The only method of avoiding pregnancy that was followed was abstinence. In contrast, a modern woman can choose any suitable method of permanent sterilization. For a long time, tubal ligation was considered as the only choice of many women. But with the development of medical technologies, today there are so many methods of achieving permanent sterilization and women have the freedom to choose any method that suits them best.
Source by Katrina Polder