Teeth sensitivity means pain and experiencing twinges because of the degradation of the outer layer of tooth enamel or exposed tooth roots. The pain experienced during consumption of hot or cold beverages, brushing, flossing or even breathing cold air is called sensitive teeth.
There are two types of tooth sensitivity:
Dentinal Sensitivity – The dentin contains large pores that run from tooth to nerve. When dentin is exposed, these tubes are stimulated by changes in temperature or certain foods.
Pulpal Sensitivity – It means a reaction of the tooth's pulp. The pulp is a mixture of blood vessels and nerves in the center of each tooth.
Irrespective of the type, there are certain causes which are responsible for teeth sensitivity.
Brushing is good but brushing too hard so that it may lead to enamel wearing down is not good.
Over time, tightening your teeth can lead to eroding of the enamel and expose dentin.
Your age plays tricks on you. People in the age group of 25-30 are most likely to have sensitive teeth.
The gum disease can result in gum recession. It is a build-up of plaque that destroys bony support of the teeth.
A crack of teeth can run from the biting surface of tooth towards the root. Extreme temperatures can increase the discomfort level.
Continuous intake of acidic foods can corrode the tooth enamel exposing the dentin part.
White is not always better. Using items like baking sodas and peroxides to brighten teeth can hugely affect dentins.
Teeth sensitivity is a problem about which you don't need to worry. It's because they are easily treatable at a dentist or even at home.
You will have to see a dentist if and only the pain lasts for more than a couple weeks. The dentist will recommend you to follow some simple steps to avoid the issue of sensitivity.
At a dentist's office:
Fluoride varnish can be applied to the affected areas.
Fluoride foam could be put in mouth tray which after 4-5 minutes provides teeth with the required strength.
A root canal therapy might be in order for effective treatment if your dentist feels the need to do so.
A bonding agent might be used to strengthen the enamel surface.
Measures at home:
Change your toothbrush every couple or maximum three months.
Avoid over-eating acidic foods like tea, tomatoes, oranges, citrus fruits
Using a soft-bristled toothbrush will be a gentle treatment for your teeth.
Fluoride mouthwash use is a bonus during this period.
Use of desensitizing toothpaste is highly recommended.
Usage of a mouth guard at night.
There is no need to worry when it comes to sensitivity. The measures suggested are wonderful methods for avoiding and controlling such teeth problems. But in case you don't want to follow the measures, it is always a good option to go to a dentist. The dentist will suggest you your requirements as your teeth are the most important aspect of their job.
Source by Sharon Grogan